Introduction to photography
How to take good motion shooting moving objects share cheats
shot General there are two types, one is "frozen", one "virtual life". How, on the premise of objective circumstances permit, depends on the photographer's will and purpose, this would be regarded as "yizaibixian".
However, the film most commonly used is "frozen". Usually, we are common land, sea and air. People, animals, natural and artificial objects can be moved. But in specific places in the body, particularly fast-moving bodies, sometimes hard to see the "real face", moving bodies by means of photography at peak time "freeze", we will be able to see its details, learn its ins and outs, feeling their spiritual power, appreciate the beauty of its dynamic potential. For example, volley off the mighty and majestic, contending fierce fighting, drop the raging waterfalls, surging forward with speed motor, if clearly on the photographic images, it does not inspire awe, touching it?
shooting "frozen" dynamic photo key, is the use of a fast shutter speed. In General, 1/500 sec shutter speed is sufficient to deal with most of the moving bodies, sometimes 1/250 second lines, but for extremely fast-moving bodies, such as the downhill slide, you had to use a faster shutter speed. Of course, normally taken using 1/2000 speed of solidification can be encountered in the 99% scene. DC shooting dynamic block preferably with shutter priority (Shutter-Priority Auto). Secondly, the shot often remotely, thus not to be missed with a telephoto lens. But when this lens is easy to shake, so firmly held, need as much as possible using a tripod is secured. Large aperture telephoto end of the zoom lens is relatively small, can consider higher ISO stalls (of course, DSLR will have a considerable advantage on this occasion), so that we can use a fast enough shutter speed. Telephoto lenses because of long focal length and depth of the small, both advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, the depth of small focused to be absolutely accurate, or experience blurred on the other, with good background blur, highlight clear.
of course, just how high the shutter time is right, the problem depends on the analysis of the actual situation.
specifically, the "frozen" shutter speed depends on three factors: the speed of moving bodies, moving and fixed distance from the camera. General of law is, moving body of moving speed more high, by needed of shutter speed more fast (moving body of trends and and camera of distance not variable); moving body and camera of distance more near, by needed of shutter speed more fast (moving body of moving speed and trends not variable); moving body of horizontal movement and oblique to movement, and vertical to movement compared, by needed of shutter speed former most fast, in the who followed by, which shifts (moving body of moving speed and and camera of distance not variable).
grasp of the law, not only according to the specific circumstances of three factors, choose an appropriate shutter speed, but also can enhance resilience. For example, you want to capture a dynamic "set, video, and shutter speeds can be used for various reasons and not up to the high requirements, you may change your shooting position or back quickly, shooting distance, or tail, from a different angle and transverse diagonal and vertical to allow for slower shutter. In addition, some short pause occurs during dynamic movement, such as jumping to the top of the Flash, the shutter speed is not very high.
specific non-quantitative description, I give an empirical algorithm:
dynamic slow-shutter speed walking; gestures -1/500 second walk; sports vehicle -1/1000 seconds, 16~24 kilometers per hour running, vehicle -1/2000 seconds with a speed of 32~64 kilometers running animals, birds, vehicle -1/4000 seconds is about 105 kilometers per hour if run and shot 45-degree diagonal direction, the halving of shutter speed according to the above-listed. If moving bodies and lenses to run vertically, with a top speed of 1/4 is enough. Also, if images reduced to reduce shutter speed correspondingly. For example, will increase from 1 time (or halve the focal length of the lens), image size will be cut in half, the required shutter speed is reduced to a 1 time. Shooting is also available "virtual life". Paste images made into a virtual movement aims to emphasize speed and power, exaggerated dynamics of violent and vehement, rendering a tension. Virtual life is the basic means of moving bodies with a slow shutter speed.
as far as shutter, slow shutter speed, dynamic virtual life too much. If you choose the shutter speed between full "frozen" image and completely "virtual life" images between the intake of images that may be interesting, dynamic body slowly part is clear, move fast part is blurred. In addition, virtual paste one at least of the shutter speed, how virtual life, and body move speed, movement and closely related to the distance of the camera, that is, high speed, movement and camera angle, distance, deficiency and paste it gets higher. If in the process of a slow shutter speed exposure have intentionally shaking camera is bound to cause "spinning", panoramic view of fuzzy, have a very strong sense of dynamic effects. As this picture, because during the second exposure was 1/8 rotating the camera, resulting in rapid "tornado"-type movement, climate of fierce competition and competitors fighting spirit jump to the screen.
shoot for the empty paste dynamic use of slow shutter speeds, so it is necessary to use lower ISO settings, if the light is bright and sometimes need to add dust filters to reduce the amount of light entering the camera. There is a dynamic approach is followed the shooting, eventually made clear, blur the background image, indirect action-effect. Call following the shooting, is a photographer armed with a camera, to move the same speed following body, turned and shot in just right, so that dynamic is to retain the dynamic, but the background is due to numerous camera moves may line, thus giving a dynamic "moving" feeling. Note, however, is that the shutter speed should not be too fast in a follow shot, otherwise will give the background to the "concentrated" lost the right results. Typically, shutter speed not higher than 1/60 seconds is appropriate, unless the camera particularly fast moving, then registrered.
follow photography is mainly used for moving bodies "on the fly" and "speed" has several following methods below:
• follow in parallel. Camera and the dynamic direction of 90 °. Photography, cameras follow in parallel.
• vertical followed. When dynamic longitudinal movement, the camera with the longitudinal follow. as children up to swing, swing the camera up.
• arc to follow. When dynamic radial movement, camera tracking motion, arc to follow.
• round to follow. When dynamic circular rotation, camera round to follow.
• inclined to follow. When moving from high falls, the camera may be inclined to follow.
• zoom follow. Shot in the face of Dynamic axial movement of the camera when using the zoom lens zoom follow shot. Dynamic radiation appears around line movement is very strong.
shooting Essentials are: when clear dynamic focusing, with the dynamic direction of forward movement, from far to near the camera, from the short focal length to the longest focal length of pull. Such as dynamic when moving backward, from near to far shots, also from telephoto to short Giola. Zoom when followed, focal length of pull with your left hand, right hand shutter, in pulling the focal length shutter. background to select the scene where, when you so that you can zoom, burst lines occurs. While shooting, due to the oncoming, so pay special attention to security issues. To select a safe spot before shooting to avoid passive body hurt. In addition, the background selection is very important when shooting, many of my friends after capturing only concerned the main, ignore the background select the final shot failed. Followed by shooting to avoid all the background. Background contrast of light and shade should be complex, colourful background better so that this can cause fine lines in the photo, if the color is even more glorious.